Ethiopia’s National AIDS Resource Center estimates that the 2013 infection rate is 1.3% and declining. In Addis Ababa, HIV/AIDS levels among prostitutes are thought to be close to 50 percent. The primary mode of HIV transmission in Ethiopia is heterosexual contact. Young women are more vulnerable to infection than young men; urban women are three times as likely to be infected as urban men, although in rural areas the difference between genders is negligible. Populations at higher risk for HIV infection include sex workers, truck drivers, police officers and members of the military. There is little IV drug use in Ethiopia.
Country Progress Report on HIV/AIDS Response, 2012
[There is] an estimated adult prevalence of 1.5%, it has a large number of people living with HIV (approximately 800,000); and about 1 million AIDS orphans. Despite the multi-faceted challenges caused by HIV/AIDS, Ethiopia has demonstrated that with commitment and effective strategies, there is hope for reversing the trend and minimizing the impacts. These concerted efforts have yielded encouraging results in reversing the rate of new infections and in mitigating the multi-faceted impacts of the epidemic. In fact, recent reports show that Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan countries demonstrating more than a 25% decline in new HIV infections.
ANC sentinel surveillance data show that prevalence of new infections among pregnant women 15-24 years of age has declined from 5.6% in 2005, to 3.5% in 2007, and 2.6% in 2011. Likewise, DHS data show that use of preventive methods and the number of people who were tested for HIV and utilising treatment and care services has increased. For example, the number of people tested for HIV annually has increased from forty thousand in 2005 to nearly ten million by 2011. Similarly, the proportion of women aged 15–49 who received an HIV test in the last 12 months and who know the results has increased from just 1.9% in 2005 to 20.0% by 2011. The proportions for men increased from 2.3% to 20.7%, respectively. It is also worth noting that the national programme has established an in-built monitoring system-indispensable to track progress and guide implementation of activities.
Obama haunted by Bush in Africa
DAR ES SALAMM: US President Barack Obama and predecessor George W. Bush have laid a wreath at a memorial for Americans killed in the 1998 bombing of the US embassy in Tanzania.
In a rare joint public appearance by the two presidents, both men bowed their heads after a Marine placed the wreath on a stand.
The ceremony lasted minutes; neither man made any public comments.
Tuesday’s embassy visit is one of Mr Obama’s final stops as he wraps up a week-long tour of the continent. Mr Bush’s institute is hosting a two-day summit here on African women. Both presidents’ wives were at the summit yesterday.
When Mr Obama promised a “new chapter in US-African relations” this week he probably was not expecting to meet the previous chapter’s author on the last leg of his three-country tour.
And, perhaps surprisingly for a president whose father was born in Kenya and whose election triggered a wave of euphoria across most of Africa, the prospect of meeting Mr Bush in Dar es Salaam had many people remembering the previous era rather more fondly than the present one.
That is because Mr Bush is credited with introducing the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, a multibillion-dollar program thought to have saved at least 1.1 million lives.
Mr Obama cut the program’s funding in 2009 and spent fewer than 24 hours in sub-Saharan Africa during his first term. But he was quick to acknowledge Mr Bush deserved “enormous credit” in the fight against
HIV/AIDS. When Mr Obama visited an AIDS centre on Sunday run by retired archbishop Desmond Tutu, crowds held signs praising the project.
Until Mr Obama announced on Sunday a $US7 billion ($7.6bn) program designed to double access to electricity, he had launched no comparable African initiatives.
“Given the budget constraints, for us to try to get the kind of money that President Bush was able to get out of the Republican House for a massively scaled new foreign-aid program is very difficult,” Mr Obama said, clearly bristling at the unfavourable comparison with his predecessor.
He had planned to visit Kenya but diplomats said his itinerary had been changed when President Uhuru Kenyatta won the election in March. Mr Kenyatta is accused of crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court.
Mr Obama’s deputy national security adviser Ben Rhodes said the Bushes’ presence in Tanzania was proof of bipartisan support. “It’s a very welcome symbol that they can be there at the same time,” he said. “We think it sends a very positive message that both political parties in the United States share a commitment to this continent.”
Hope For Children Ethiopia Success in HIV Education
Along with many HIV/AIDS educators in Ethiopia, HFCE’s work in this area has been instrumental in the declining rates of infection. HFCE in partnership with PATH recently completed a strengthening Communities’ Responses for HIV/AIDS (SCRHA) project.
Hope For Children EthiopiaDwan Dixon, PATH’s Ethiopian Country Program Leader
A three year USAID funded project, SCRHA engaged, provided technical and grant assistance to over 197 local civil society organizations through national implementing partners, such as HFCE, to strengthen community-based care and support, prevention, counselling and testing, and economic strengthening services. From 2009 – 2012, HFCE successfully managed a grant amount of USD $1,825,160 providing onward funding and technical assistance to over 21 local civil society organizations in 47 towns in the Amhara and Oromia regions. Over the course of the project, HFCE contributed substantially to the success of the SCRHA project, reaching over 700,000 individuals in over 300 towns in eight regions with quality community based HIV/AIDS services.